in fund a we've mentioned that creating

accessible digital learning content is

beneficial for all learners the first

video of the workshop mentions how

digital accessibility is akin to

providing universal design or usability

for all module 4 introduces you to

accessible multimedia and the importance

of video captions and in this final fund

a feature you'll meet Rachel who's going

to share with us how video captions are

beneficial to more than just those for

which they were originally intended

captions are a text representation of a

video soundtrack and they are essential

for people who are deaf as captions

allow the viewer to have accessed the

conversation and important sound effects

as well as allowing the viewer to

contextualise the on-screen action for

trivia fans closed captions were

successfully broadcasted over television

signal for the first time On February 15

1972 during an episode of Mod Squad so

they've been around for a while now and

it's actually rare to not see them

appearing on gym televisions restaurant

televisions and Airport televisions

captions are mainstream there's been

some recent studies that have come out

of universities in Oregon Florida and

Australia that have examined the

instructional utility of captions in all

of the studies the majority of students

found captions to be helpful learning

aids with two of the studies reporting

that over 98% of students found them to

be beneficial I wanted to learn more

about one group of students that the

studies mentioned non-native English

speakers how were captions useful for

them to help answer this question I

reached out to Rachel I asked her to

share a little about her work so I am an

instructor in the English for academic

purposes program and I also teach

classes in the beyond basic ESL program

so our students are typically non-native

speakers of English but we also have

native speakers of English from

different english-speaking countries

around the world so as an instructor I

am also an advisor and I run the program

project talk so I have eight about eight

seventy eight sessions per semester that

bring students together non-native

speakers of English and native speakers

of English together in a casual

environment so that both parties get a

chance to meet but also our non-native

speakers get a benefit of a social

environment where they can practice

their English and meet new people

I asked Rachel to describe the variety

of students she works with and what are

some of their unique needs as learners

if a very large spread almost continents

except Antarctica are represented here

it may be easy to identify that a

student may need help with English but

not how how much right so the needs are

that students may require more visuals a

slower pace of speech repetition of

ideas a repetition of any video or audio

content and captions are useful for for

the majority of English language

learners it really does depend on the

level of the student and the environment

I was glad that Rachel mentioned

captions I asked her to elaborate on how

they were useful to English language

learners my first visual is simply a

picture or maybe a stream of visual

images that represent we call those the

passwords represent a vocabulary word

and so having that picture plus caption

of the word that really helps the

students make the connection and even a

voiceover that goes with that the

students understand what the

pronunciation is going to be that would

be one of the ways that captions are

very beneficial to students in the

beginning of language learning in any

language it doesn't it does not matter

what language it is I mean I that's how

I learned a lot of my my language when I

learned French captions are also

beneficial if students are assigned a

video to watch for homework and it has

key information that they are then going

to respond to or use for some reason and

the course then having captions can help

them individually and on like on their

own understand what the speaker is

saying because sometimes speakers speak

quickly and also accents differ and

there are different levels even within a

leveled course so some students may be

perfectly fine listening to a video

without captions whereas another may

really struggle I appreciated Rachel

talking about an important way captions

could be an educational tool in

assisting non-native language learners

as they learn vocabulary and see

language in use from the perspective of

these students captions provide

scaffolding that helps them build

recognition and knowledge in reflecting

on the slice of life each of the people

of these Funday features shared with us

I am grateful that we've been able to

have a glimpse at how accessible digital

learning content can make things a

little easier for so many different

people your efforts to author accessible

content will be appreciated more than

you might realize